Exam Meaning In English

B1 Preliminary, formerly known as Cambridge English: Preliminary (PET), is one of our Cambridge English Qualifications. Learn more. This feature is not available right now. Exam English Learn4good Englishjet Level Test Cambridge English EnglishClub. This test evaluates how well you understand what you read in English. ACT Test Prep. Definition of exam in the AudioEnglish. Find a range of printable ESL quiz questions and answers related to vocabulary, grammar, general knowledge and a variety of fun trivia. This test consists of one passage for a fee of $80. The MCHC blood test can tell the patient if his or her red blood cells pack in more or less hemoglobin than the normal. Les tests Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) sont des certifications standardisées permettant d'évaluer le niveau d'anglais des locuteurs non anglophones tant au niveau de l'écrit que de l'oral. We also offer exams in English for specific purposes, for example Business English, and for those seeking to. Whether you're cramming for English class, honing your SAT Vocabulary skills, or just plain bored, the SAT Vocabulary Word Tests at Vocab Test. examination - WordReference thesaurus: synonyms, discussion and more. government, declaring that a limited English proficient student is one who comes from a non-English background and "who has sufficient difficulty speaking, reading, writing, or understanding the English language and whose difficulties may deny such an. a way of discovering, by questions or practical activities, what someone knows, or what someone…. An idiom is a common expression that has acquired a meaning that cannot easily be understood from the ordinary meanings of the words, as in "It's. english assessment test. This assistant professor of English pursued varied academic interests but found his purpose studying the stories of indigenous peoples. Translation of test at Merriam-Webster's Spanish-English Dictionary. Test your English online in under 1 hour. the act or process of examining : the state of being examined; an exercise designed to examine progress or test qualification or knowledge…. It is strictly called a Written Comprehension Test because it shows how well you comprehend what somebody writes. exam definition: 1. The real exams contain sections such as speaking and writing which are not tested here. ACT Acronym, ACT Test Meaning ACT is an acronym meaning "American College Test". Understanding such roots can help guessing the meaning of words and creating neologisms or brand names. More information on these requirements will be available with the release of the 2018–2019 CalTPA Assessment Guide in fall 2018. Possible questions could include: Find the word in the text that means (You are given a definition) Choose the correct definition of the word X. Before I share my personal opinion, here is what two of my co-workers, who have smoked for 6 and 10 years, and now have been vaping for more than two, have to say:. If the words are presented in sentences you can always try to guess the meaning from the context. IELTS is the high stakes English test for international study, migration and work. English Language Examinations Cambridge FCE Sample Paper An FCE-style Use of English Sample Exam. English level B2 is the fourth level of English in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), a definition of different language levels written by the Council of Europe. The entire English Placement Test is designed to be completed in 90 minutes, which requires an average of approximately 30 seconds per test item. You will be asked to complete a range of vocabulary and grammar-based questions that have been graded from Starter to Upper Intermediate level. It is the English language exam that shows you have mastered the basics. What does your name really stand for? Get an adjective for each letter in your name. English Grammar Online … the fun way to learn English!. I teared up a bit because it was like there was a person looking inside my mind and telling me what they saw. it is not based on a set text or syllabus. Welcome to Tamilcube. If you have a question about language usage, first search the hundreds of thousands of previous questions. English Idioms Test This test is designed for students of English as a second and foreign language, and allows learners to quickly assess their knowledge of English idioms and fixed phrases. cambridge placement test. English level B2 is the fourth level of English in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), a definition of different language levels written by the Council of Europe. test - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Be aware of the writing style used in each passage. The Word Knowledge subtest of the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) is a vocabulary test comprised of definition and sentence-definition questions (question types that Vocabulary. The term “theory of meaning” has figured, in one way or another, in a great number of philosophical disputes over the last century. (Usually used in the negative. Please feel free to read what others say about this name and to share your comments if you have more information. Do no spend too much time on any one question. IELTS is the high stakes English test for international study, migration and work. Definition of exam in the AudioEnglish. The UW English Placement Test (EPT) consists of three subtests. Test Your English - Fill in the Blanks - 20 Test Questions for various Entrance Exams in India and other Competitive Exams in India English-Fill in the Blanks 20 Questions Submit your Answer and you will get the mail regarding the correct answers. Denison Reports Installation of Commercial Scale Wells and Provides Operational Update from Ongoing ISR Field Test at the Phoenix Deposit. The ACT is a test based on courses you have studied; it is not an IQ (intelligence. learn an idiom a day. Literary Terms. An exam is a formal test that you take to show your knowledge or ability in a particular subject, or to obtain a qualification. This short English test gives you a score of A, B or C on the CEFR scale for receptive English skills (listening and reading). ‘Witch Bottle’ Filled With Teeth, Pins and Mysterious Liquid Discovered in English Chimney The charms were designed to ward off witches, but new research suggests they had medical uses as well. ) The new pro-drilling bill that's being put through Congress doesn't pass the smell test, and many are suspicious that Big Oil has been responsible for its inception. The Impact of Storytelling: Karsyn Wilson May. Do you pronounce basic English words correctly? Take this short test to find out! You will get 1 point for each correct answer. They are ideal if you are preparing for a career in business. top 500 english words. Compare etymology 2 below. Test definition, the means by which the presence, quality, or genuineness of anything is determined; a means of trial. (Winning entry from the 2009/10 "definition" competition run on this website) Definition 2 "The activity of developing and using language tests. 8 and a standard deviation of 8. I teared up a bit because it was like there was a person looking inside my mind and telling me what they saw. the exam will cover everything we have studied this term. The exam is offered in two versions: 'for students' and 'for adult learners'. No test centers, no appointments. com is a world-wide provider of free, online practice exams. This test should take around 10 to 15 minutes, and once it's done, you'll have a good idea of your English level. a form of torture that comes twice a year, usually before something enjoyable (i. Both versions of the examination consist of three papers, which include all four language skills. It is the English language exam that shows you have mastered the basics. Rewrite the sentences using the short forms (where long forms are given) or the long forms (where short forms are given). com/online-test/. Long and Short Forms. Take Most used words Spelling Test. What does exam mean? Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word exam. The English speaking test is an optional module of the TrackTest English level test. Virginia Placement Test—English The Virginia Placement Test (VPT) English evaluates a student's skill level in writing and reading. An additional testing window from 9/17/18 to 10/14/18 is now available for scheduling test appointments for the following fields: 068 Agriculture 069 Business and Marketing. ACT Acronym, ACT Test Meaning ACT is an acronym meaning "American College Test". cambridge placement test. The real exams contain sections such as speaking and writing which are not tested here. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. The ACT and other standardized tests for college entrance use similar words in ACT test prep exams. com Simple Ad-Free English Dictionary with Hyperlinks to The Free World Bank - A BIG Thinking Scientific Save the World High Level Concept on Amazon S3. JLPT Japanese-Language Proficiency Test Jumps to the header. It clearly lays out the course content and describes the exam and AP Program in general. Now you know your level, you can find lessons and resources to improve your English skills. English language test for healthcare professionals, approved by governments, immigration, university and college for visas, migration, study, registration and work: Nursing, Medicine. Test your English with the EF Standard English Test (EF SET®), the first free, online standardized English test built to rigorous academic requirements, and as reliable as fee-based exams. ACT Test Prep. English level B2 is the fourth level of English in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), a definition of different language levels written by the Council of Europe. Exam definition is - examination. Test Details: Next-Generation ACCUPLACER Tests Get more information about the next-generation ACCUPLACER placement tests. Submit a group answer; everybody gets the same grade. Two progressive NYC schools at the forefront of refusing to take state tests are now facing more exams. a way of discovering, by questions or practical activities, what someone knows, or what someone…. Definition and synonyms of exam from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. If you have a question about language usage, first search the hundreds of thousands of previous questions. Definition of "Exam" at Define. What do we mean by English fluency, and how can understanding competencies across the four skills provide a more realistic picture of communicative English ability? What is fluency? As someone who worked in dictionaries, the meaning of words has always interested me - and fluency is a particular case in point. Terms are separated by a + or - sign in an overall expression. At the end of each test your level will be assessed at a CEF level (A2 to C2). Sometimes it happens that another name has the same meaning. View a test preparation video For Institutions Vouchers are available for purchase by state education agencies and educator preparation programs to provide candidates with full or partial credit toward fees for test registration and preparation materials. Definition of occupational english test in the Definitions. If you have time after you have finished the test, go back to the questions you have left unanswered. Split testing lets you test different versions of your ads so you can see what works best and improve future campaigns. What does EXAM mean? Information and translations of EXAM in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. org is a collection of resources designed to help students with school online: writing, reading, essays, homework, assignments, literature, and speech. When we speak about a kind of literature we are really speaking about a genre of literature. Exam definition is - examination. Take the test at home anytime. There's a longer version that gives you a more precise score that you can publish straight to your LinkedIn profile for job hunting purposes. '' This meaning is found in such words as:. ACT Rapid Review An interactive virtual classroom experience that delivers engaging online live instruction, at an accessible price. Les tests Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) sont des certifications standardisées permettant d'évaluer le niveau d'anglais des locuteurs non anglophones tant au niveau de l'écrit que de l'oral. Then, use the specialized lessons to strengthen your weak subjects. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. com features ACT test prep and ACT practice tests. 3 of 3 Students take the new practice test during an SAT Prep class held at Berkeley High School in Berkeley, Calif. The results of the test, which assesses a sample of fourth- and eighth-grade students, will inevitably prompt demands for policy change. For questions 1-15, read the text and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each. Each part connects to the other in some way to form sentences with meaning and which are grammatically correct. You don’t have to take all 4 tests at once - you can space them out however it suits you and go at your own pace. Translation of test at Merriam-Webster's Spanish-English Dictionary. Main menu Mobile-Friendly Test Test how easily a visitor can use your page on a mobile device. What does occupational english test mean? Information and translations of occupational english test in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. College English Test. I think this meaning is, as the dictionary entry says, obsolete. At the end of the test your level will be. 100 words for advanced learners. If your English is very good you will answer more difficult questions than someone whose English. Before 2005 reform. At the end of the test, if you want, we can send you detailed email results and feedback on your answers. meaning brute force applied in frontal engagements, and The English theorist wrote for global sea powers—the Royal. Best of luck!. TEST(array1,array2,tails,type) The T. We believe we've prepared the best quiz for you!. Online Study Material and Test Papers for Word Meaning, English Word Meaning, Word Meaning Test Papers, Learn English, English Grammar, English Vocabulary, MBA English, MBA Grammar, MBA Vocabulary, MBA Entrance, CAT Preparation. It covers four areas: English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning. The test, which takes approximately two hours, is computerized, but you may use scrap paper (provided in the Testing Center) to plan your essay. We offer engaging qualifications that help students to achieve their best. 8 and a standard deviation of 8. Taken The Test? Click Here to Take the Good Person Test. 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What is the meaning by the quotation, "when it comes to measuring mountains the playing field is far from level" A) it is not possible to measure mountains that are not side by side B) The mountains have not been measured accurately C) It is not useful to compare the heights of mountains D) There is more than one way to describe how tall a. Here are some words from the ASVAB study guide published by Accepted, Inc. These subtests are English Usage, Sentence Correction, and Reading Comprehension. AncestryDNA is a simple saliva test you can do in the comfort of your own home. "I was honestly shocked how accurate it was. The exam is offered in two versions: 'for students' and 'for adult learners'. What does exam expression mean? Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. Audio pronunciations, verb conjugations, quizzes and more. Longman English Dictionary is the leading dictionary for learners of English of all ages and levels who want to learn more about English: definitions, idioms, examples and more. B1 Preliminary, formerly known as Cambridge English: Preliminary (PET), is one of our Cambridge English Qualifications. TOEFL scores are accepted by more than 10,000 universities and other institutions in over 150 countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the U. PTE Academic - Pearson Test of English is three hours computer-based test. where it has the meaning "witness. The 30 questions in the test have been devised in order to get a comprehensive picture of your language level. Take our free English reading level test and find your English level. The majority of English words have Latin or Greek origins. english assessment test. We offer online practice on those areas that you most need to improve in order to obtain your English certificate: grammar, listening, reading and writing. 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Homographs are words that have the same spelling but are pronounced differently and have different meanings. For the reading portion, you must read one out of three sentences correctly. We perform speech acts when we offer an apology, greeting, request, complaint, invitation, compliment, or refusal. Search to exercise caution and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. com uses as well). phrase thesaurus and wordnet. Take the test at home anytime. The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEF or CEFR) was put together by the Council of Europe as a way of standardising the levels of language exams in different regions. The GMAT exam helps you stand out during the admissions process. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. ACT Test Prep. Present Progressive Test with Evaluation, Level 1. com helps you learn english online with exercises on grammar, reading, vocabulary & listening at beginner, intermediate and advanced levels. Once you order, you will receive the AncestryDNA kit in the mail in a matter of days. The ACT is a test based on courses you have studied; it is not an IQ (intelligence. Tests for listening, grammar and vocabulary also available. READING BOOT CAMP is a FREE researched based RTI intervention program that uses best instructional practices with a qualification, teach to the very TOP, expose every student to grade level and above ELA concepts, lift all students using Socratic learning strategies, teach and treat all students as GIFTED, be flexible and have fun, set rigorous SMART goals, and differentiate through. These english entrance exams practice tests offer candidates the needed speed and proficiency while solving exam questions, besides the overall information regarding the contents and pattern of the interested English exam. If the words are presented in sentences you can always try to guess the meaning from the context. And you won't even have to cram any grammar rules or vocabulary words into your head! Instead, you will be absorbing bits and pieces of the English language almost without realizing it. The test is divided into two levels. We write essays, research papers, term papers, course works, reviews, theses and more, so our primary mission is to help you succeed academically. Terms are separated by a + or - sign in an overall expression. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. English level B2 is the fourth level of English in the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), a definition of different language levels written by the Council of Europe. PTE Academic - Pearson Test of English is three hours computer-based test. Read our consent form , which explains the benefits of this free, anonymous test and your rights. An ideal free Educational Resource complete with useful examples for Teachers, Students, Colleges and Schools. Our efficient and effective video lessons can help you ace your high school classes and college placement/entrance exams, earn college. View American English definition of exam. Check the table below to see which level you have, or take a 20 minute free Online English Level Test which will help you understand your English level with accuracy. All along, you sharpen your test-taking skills and build your confidence. com helps you learn english online with exercises on grammar, reading, vocabulary & listening at beginner, intermediate and advanced levels. TEST to determine whether two samples are likely to have come from the same two underlying populations that have the same mean. a test of a student's…. List of English Suffixes. If you have a question about language usage, first search the hundreds of thousands of previous questions. The VocabularySpellingCity Story. Test your English online in under 1 hour. Improve your English pronunciation for only $8. Take one of our many ACT English practice tests for a run-through of commonly asked questions. Get further practice to boost your general English with our extended listening and reading materials. The GED ® test is made up of 4 subjects, broken into separate exams. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Related topics: Cricket test test 1 / test / S1 W1 noun [countable] 1 exam EXAM/TEST a set of questions, exercises, or practical activities to measure someone's skill, ability, or knowledge test on We have a test on irregular verbs tomorrow. If the words are presented in sentences you can always try to guess the meaning from the context. myvocabulary. All answers are to be wordprocessed (leave space for hand-drawn diagrams and special characters, if needed). The exam is offered in two versions: 'for students' and 'for adult learners'. Please try again later. ScaleScore X PerformanceLevel NYSLevelX OverallStatePercentileRank* X *Your child’s score on the test was the same or higher than X percent of all students statewide who took this test. An exam is a formal test that you take to show your knowledge or ability in a particular subject, or to obtain a qualification. India will play their first-ever Day-Night Test against Bangladesh starting November 22 at Kolkata’s Eden Gardens and to ensure a full house, match tickets have been priced as low as Rs 50 per day. If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a. The results were released last Thursday. Expand your Outlook. The English test has three components: reading, writing, and speaking. These levels are A1(lowest),A2, B1, B2, C1, C2 (highest). Over 1,100 English Springer Spaniels were tested for the mutation. View the pronunciation for exam. 3 of 3 Students take the new practice test during an SAT Prep class held at Berkeley High School in Berkeley, Calif. Thank you for viewing, please like or subscribe!. Homographs are words that have the same spelling but are pronounced differently and have different meanings. Use of English. But easy-to-understand STAR summary reports are available at the State-level, District-level, and School-level on the Ed-Data Web site. 2 pencil, completely fill in circles, and track your place so you won't get tripped up if you skip a question. Exam for the Certificate of. STAAR English and Writing Resources. India will play their first-ever Day-Night Test against Bangladesh starting November 22 at Kolkata’s Eden Gardens and to ensure a full house, match tickets have been priced as low as Rs 50 per day. ACT Test Prep. Before 2005 reform. Turnitin solutions promote academic integrity, streamline grading and feedback, deter plagiarism, and improve student outcomes. The test is called the EFSET Express. Learning tenses is necessary for learning English language. This site can help you evaluate your progress in English language learning, both ESL (learning English as a second language) and EFL (learning English as a foreign language). When you complete your English test you see which aspects of English grammar you are good at and which of them require more. An examination; a test. By state math and English tests administered in the spring. Each part connects to the other in some way to form sentences with meaning and which are grammatically correct. Ohio offers English learners multiple ways to meaningfully engage with and demonstrate their content knowledge. An ideal free Educational Resource complete with useful examples for Teachers, Students, Colleges and Schools. ENGLISH & ENGLISH LITERATURE. Certified by ACTFL and the test is transferable for 3 college credits by ACE. The form that the test took in England was to make the receiving of Holy Communion according to the rites of the Church of England a condition precedent to the acceptance of office. All answers are to be wordprocessed (leave space for hand-drawn diagrams and special characters, if needed). CliffsNotes is the original (and most widely imitated) study guide. com British Council - Test your level ILS English Language Trainers English Level Test - Transparent Language Test your English - Internationa House London. Test your English with the EF Standard English Test (EF SET®), the first free, online standardized English test built to rigorous academic requirements, and as reliable as fee-based exams. These subtests are English Usage, Sentence Correction, and Reading Comprehension. You may (and are strongly advised to) do this exam in groups. View the pronunciation for test. They are created by adding a letter 's' to the end of a word or by adding 'es' such as in churches, boxes or witches. Translation of test at Merriam-Webster's Spanish-English Dictionary. Do no spend too much time on any one question. Constraints of space do not permit a thorough examination of all of these points. com you will find everything you need to get ready for your English exam. A proficiency test measures a learner's level of language. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. The most accurate translation of Test Subject, in English to Hindi dictionary with Definition Synonyms and Antonyms words. Generally, College English Test allows all non-English-major university students to attend. Definition of exam in the Idioms Dictionary. world english slang. As well as studying your course materials, there are many ways that you can prepare for exams to increase your confidence and help you take the right approach. What do we mean by English fluency, and how can understanding competencies across the four skills provide a more realistic picture of communicative English ability? What is fluency? As someone who worked in dictionaries, the meaning of words has always interested me – and fluency is a particular case in point. Remember: The examiners are not looking for perfect English in your Oral English Test. English Grammar Online … the fun way to learn English!. Exam Preparation Tips. The words that are used in this game are the most common words for each language. Take our free English reading level test and find your English level. com, your one-stop portal for popular modern dictionaries and authentic online resources for rich languages of India, Asia and beyond. English Language Arts: Content Knowledge (5038) Test at a Glance Test Name English Language Arts: Content Knowledge Test Code 5038 Time 2 hours and 30 minutes Number of Questions 130 selected-response questions Format The test includes single-selection, selected-response questions with four answer choices. We perform speech acts when we offer an apology, greeting, request, complaint, invitation, compliment, or refusal. Before you complete your test registration, make sure you are registering for a GACE test. As a Proficiency Test, it tests both skills and knowledge. Request an accessible format. top 100 misspelt words. Join the millions of visitors who have benefited from our study skills site over the past 15 years. Generally, College English Test allows all non-English-major university students to attend. The real exams contain sections such as speaking and writing which are not tested here. In this comprehensive study guide, you will find lessons on strategies and best practices for English composition. English Advanced Test. " Or I should say this. BEST Literacy and BEST Plus 2. English Conditionals Test This test has been designed to test your knowledge of the English Conditionals. where it has the meaning "witness. EnglishClub: Learn English: Reading: Test Test Your English Reading Level. The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEF or CEFR) was put together by the Council of Europe as a way of standardising the levels of language exams in different regions. It may be possible to guess the meaning of an unknown word when one knows the meaning of its root. Lab and medical professionals develop and review all content, including articles on lab tests, conditions/diseases, screenings & more. 00 (members) or $120. "Standard American English—the English of our dictionaries and grammar books—is a great, messy deluge of words, some of which overlap in meaning, many of which have multiple meanings, and many of which can be used as various parts of speech. And you won't even have to cram any grammar rules or vocabulary words into your head! Instead, you will be absorbing bits and pieces of the English language almost without realizing it. Vocabulary is Fun! Just ask our visitors. With our VCAA English assessors at the helm, students will receive the most up-to-date expert guidance on the subject, as well as offering more detailed and in depth exam preparation, or even a head start in English essay writing skills. The International English Language Testing System, or IELTS™ / ˈ aɪ. The test has two sections: Use of English and Listening. Browse, register, and purchase study materials for credit-granting exams. No test centers, no appointments. Before 2005 reform. List of 1000 most common English words. Meaning of exam. The UW English Placement Test (EPT) consists of three subtests. Jaeger test types: ( yā'gĕr ), type of different sizes used for testing the acuity of near vision. They are created by adding a letter 's' to the end of a word or by adding 'es' such as in churches, boxes or witches. Test British or American English. TOGETHER WE CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE Every child deserves the chance to learn. Free educational resource; Common suffixes - a glossary; Definitions, meaning and origin of words relating to English Grammar and literary terms; Meaning of the word. Add train to one of your lists below, or create a new one. For submissions in all Single Subject content areas, except World Languages, any evidence in a language other than English must be accompanied by a translation. When and where can I take the Duolingo English Test? How much does the Duolingo English Test cost? How long does the Duolingo English Test take?. Preparing for C1 Advanced helps learners develop the skills to make the most of studying, working and living in English-speaking countries. Hundreds of English lessons to help you learn English today!. PHOTOCOPIABLE © www. In addition to their range of tinctures (which come in 150, 300, and 600 mg options), they also offer hemp edibles, capsules, pastes, vape liquids, topicals, and pet care products. It may be possible to guess the meaning of an unknown word when one knows the meaning of its root. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: