# Lbs To Psi Converter

1657 Avdp oz Apoth lb 0. Pressure = force/area so you’d want to make the conversion to N per square metre. 0689475729 bar. Psi : Psi is the abbreviation of pound per square inch, and is widely used in British and American. The kilonewton (abbreviation: kN) is the unit of force in metric system (SI). Note! - pressure is "force per unit area" and commonly used pressure units like kg/cm 2 and similar are in principle not correct since kg is a mass unit. Yes, you can convert the foot-pound force (ft-lb f) to pound per square inch (psi). A MPa (megapascal) is a unit of measurement for pressure. Learn how to Convert MPa to psi. The result is the quantity of compressed gas in cubic feet. inHg unit conversion to mbar over the barometric range. Online Unit Converter Pro Your resource for unit conversions. It is the pressure resulting from a force of one pound-force applied to an area of one square inch. PSI can be expressed using the formula: 1 psi = 1 lbf in 2. Summary; Convert Head to Pressure; Convert Pressure to Head; Table of Pressure Conversions for Water; Summary. Step 1 Look on your car's vehicle information placard to find the recommended tire pressure, measured in pounds per square inch (Psi). Conscientiously, i’m photographically for the square inch. Do you have trouble like me checking your tire pressures because the owners manual is in BAR but your tire gauge is in PSI? Hopefully, this handy conversion utility will help. We'll get to square inches in a moment. kgm nm 1500 55 8 75 104 1600 59 8 80 110 1800 67 9 91 124 2000 75 10 102 138 2200 83 11 113 152 2400 92 13 125 166 2600 100 14 136 179 2800 109 15 148 193 3000 117 16 159 207 3200 125 17 169 221 3400 133 18 180 235 3600 140 19 190 248 3800 148 20 201 262 4000 156 22 211 276 4200 164 23 222 290 4400 172 24 233 304 4600 181 25 245 317. Stress And Pressure Converter. conversion calculators Inches to Millimeters Millimeters to Inches Pounds to Kilograms Kilograms to Pounds Metric Tons to Pounds Metric Tons to Tons Fahrenheit to Celsius Celsius to Fahrenheit ft/lbs to Joules Joules to ft/lbs MPa to psi psi to MPa MPa to ksi ksi to MPa. How to convert Pounds to Kilograms. 03527 Ounce: 1 kilogram: 2. Durometer is used to measure the hardness of polymers, elastomers and rubbers. (Imperial System). 59237g 1 lb= 0. 34 pounds lb exactly for the masonry material type. is equivalent to. 894757293168361. more about mass and weight (force) Example - Convert from 10 psi to Pa. 1 pound (lb) is equal to 0. Conversion between pascal, bar, atmosphere, torr, kilogram-force/square centimeter, pound-force/square inch. This calculator will convert your torque unit into other torque units. It was invented by engineer James Watt to describe the amount of work a horse can perform over a specified period of time. This on the web one-way conversion tool converts density units from pounds per cubic foot ( lb/ft3 ) into psi per 1000 feet ( psi/1000 ft ) instantly online. 45359237 kg. Most tests of mud density are reported in pounds per gallon (ppg) Density can also be reported in pounds per cubic foot(lb/cu ft), grams per cc (gr/cc), specific gravity (SG), or pressure gradient (psi/ft). 9476 ×Ppsi To convert between kilopascals (kPa)and pounds per square inch (psi), use the formulas below: Ppsi = 0. 7 psi = 48. Scroll down to find the pounds per square inch value you want to convert into the equivalent bar pressure. I presume you want to convert kg into its equivalent unit in the English system. 4535924 kilogram (kg) 1 ounce (oz) = 28. Conversion Factors Tech Tip #30 ©2000 Multiply to get to get Divide Apoth dram 60 grains Apoth dram 0. Gallon (gal) is a unit of Volume used in Cooking system. An avoirdupois pound is equal to 16 avoirdupois ounces and to exactly 7,000 grains. Convert from Pound force per square inch to Gram per square centimeter. The conversion rate is 1 PSI = 0. Pounds per square inch (PSI) to Bar to Kilopascal (KPA) conversion chart. It is the pressure resulting from a force of one pound-force applied to an area of one square inch. Best Answer: It should have been Newton per meter squared (Pascal): 1 bar = 1 x 10^-1 Pascal 1 atm = 1. 9686969193 british thermal units. conversion calculators Inches to Millimeters Millimeters to Inches Pounds to Kilograms Kilograms to Pounds Metric Tons to Pounds Metric Tons to Tons Fahrenheit to Celsius Celsius to Fahrenheit ft/lbs to Joules Joules to ft/lbs MPa to psi psi to MPa MPa to ksi ksi to MPa. In casual English language use it is rendered as "pounds per square inch", abbreviated to psi with little distinction between "mass" and "for. 145038 × PkPa PkPa = 6. A Newton is defined as the force necessary to move one kilogram one meter per second. Steam Required (lbs / hr) lbs / hr = Btu per hour Enthalpy of Steam at Operating Pressure lbs/hr = Btu/hr Btu/lb F s or Btu / lb oF F s = Horse Power to be Removed x 2545 x Correction Viscosity (Oil Leaving oF - Ambient Air Entering oF) F s = HP x 2545 x Cv T 2 - t a 8 Conversions and Formulas To Convert Into Multiply By. MATH MathTOOLS Toggle. With the use of a special regulator I can get 2 PSI from the utility Co. You can also check the kilograms to pounds conversion chart below, or go back to kilograms to pounds converter to top. So, the conversion will be simple First you have to know the area (square inch unit) where the force is applied. The controversial pore pressure conversion factor: PSI to PPG MWE S. 000 so is this right or not? i need to know the LBS convert of the 125,000 psi to lbs and the yield strength is 30,000 psi and i need that convert into lbs. I presume you want to convert kg into its equivalent unit in the English system. Convert Boost Pressure (bar, psi) figures. 03527 Ounce: 1 kilogram: 2. The value will be converted to all other units of the actual measure. The controversial pore pressure conversion factor: PSI to PPG MWE S. Best Answer: It should have been Newton per meter squared (Pascal): 1 bar = 1 x 10^-1 Pascal 1 atm = 1. First, convert the 18" of vacuum to a pressure reading (psi). In Imperial units, stress can be measured in pound-force per square inch, which is abbreviated as psi. * Brake Specific Fuel Consumption: is the amount of fuel consumed (in lbs. SHAKER, Geopressure Analysis Services, Houston, Texas, U. Example: For a column of fresh water of 8. Stress And Pressure Converter. Looking to do an LS Swap? PSI is Your Source For LSX Conversion Parts. Calculator Popups. 184 joule (J). The psi [psi] to pound-force/square inch conversion table and conversion steps are also listed. The pressure value 150000 psi (pounds per sq. $100 Promotion. The lb (Pound) is a unit of mass (sometimes called weight) and the psi (pounds per square inch) is a unit of pressure. The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: psi or lbf/in² or lbf/in²) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units. psi calculator utlizes Frank Berto's optimized tire pressure with a 15% drop to determine the best pressure for you to ride on weight of rider & bicycle: 180 lbs. Just type the number of inches of mercury into the box and the conversion will be performed automatically. One pound per square inch is equal to 144 pounds per square foot, so use this simple formula to convert:. Translated, that means that a column of water that's 1-inch square and 2. They are not SI units, but accepted (although discouraged) for use with the SI. At 1 km, the water pressure is 99. 2 or psi Pound per cubic foot Unit weight lb/ft3 or pcf SI AND METRIC UNITS The following SI (Système International) units are commonly used in geotechnical. 84 psi However, this is vacuum, so your 8. The diameter of the pipe being used is 1" (standard garden hose). Bar to psi pressure unit conversion chart, convert bar tire pressure to psi tire pressure. (I think; this is from a hazy recollection of school. A pound is a unit of weight commonly used in the United States and the British commonwealths. 625 X 5000) equals 98,125 lbs. $100 Promotion. LBS-FORCE (pounds-force) is the measure for compression or tension loads If a gauge is used to measure the hydraulic pressure, then the pressure must be converted to pounds-force. It measure the impact of punches and kicks based on G-Forces. How much is N/mm2 to psi? Made for you with much by CalculatePlus. Best Answer: It should have been Newton per meter squared (Pascal): 1 bar = 1 x 10^-1 Pascal 1 atm = 1. Pressure - the amount of force that is applied to an area where the force is distributed. Pressure - Introduction to pressure - psi and Pa - online pressure units converter; Pressure Units - Online Converter - Convert between pressure units like Pa, bar, atmosphere, pound square feet, psi and more; Pump Suction Head and Altitude - The suction heads of pumps are affected by altitude. One psi is equal to 6895 N/m2 and 0. Next, we convert the full-scale psi (pounds of force per square inch) to full-scale pounds. These two numbers,. This example problem demonstrates how to convert the pressure unit atmospheres to pounds per square inch. One pound per square inch is equal to 144 pounds per square foot, so use this simple formula to convert:. Gallon (gal) is a unit of Volume used in Cooking system. It is measuring unit of pressure & stress in Imperial and US customary measuring system. Find the conversion from newtons to pounds force [not mass pounds]. Sonny’s bar to psi conversion table dowdy with that air-gun of trimipramines. Many other converters available for free. Stress And Pressure Converter / British And U. Online calculator to convert millimeters of mercury to pounds per square inch (mmHg to psi) with formulas, examples, and tables. 0361 psi, so 11" W. You can't convert pounds to pounds per square inch (psi). Convert 1 British Pound to Euro. ›› Definition: Pound/square inch. PSI To Pa Problem The average air pressure at sea level is 14. 4536 kilograms: 1 ounce: 28. How much is N/mm2 to psi? Made for you with much by CalculatePlus. Basic Units. How to convert Pounds to Kilograms. How much is N/mm2 to psi? Made for you with much by CalculatePlus. Pounds per square inch (PSI) to Bar to Kilopascal (KPA) conversion chart. The relationship of these measurements are: 1 mmHg = 1. While millibars are more internationally used in specific fields such as meteorology, pounds per square inch is a common pressure unit in the United States for different circumstances. 625 X 5000) equals 98,125 lbs. Take our sensor and place known weights on it, record the resistance (with a multi-meter or other suitable resistance reader), repeat until you have as many points as possible. How to convert. I take it that you need to calculate the pressure of a number of pounds on a. 068948 x PSI. Elle signifie: "pound per square inch. 894757293168361 kPa. Definition of pressure: Pressure (p) is a derived quantity with its own name. Effectively to convert energy (Ft Lbs) to Bar, you would also need to know the mass or volume (at normal temperature and pressure) of air compressed. 454 kilograms 1 pound per square inch = 2. Let's say all you have is a foot-pounds measurement to press or lift something, and you want to install a cylinder to do the manual labor for you, then, magically, to those people who are not engineers, it is possible. Many other converters available for free. 000 so is this right or not? i need to know the LBS convert of the 125,000 psi to lbs and the yield strength is 30,000 psi and i need that convert into lbs. You can't convert pounds to pounds per square inch (psi). This calculator let you to convert the durometer value to pounds per square inch. To convert a pound per square foot measurement to a pound per square inch measurement, divide the pressure by the conversion ratio. 4 psi results. Pounds per square inch states that pressure is relative to a vacuum rather than ambient atmospheric pressure. the press has a broken pressure gauge and I need to replace it and calibrated. Mega means million, therefore one MegaPascal equals 1,000,000 Pascals. Convertisseur pour la conversion de bar vers psi (Pound Per Square Inch), psi vers bar, bar vers Pa (Pascal), Pa vers bar, psi vers Pa, Pa vers psi et Pa vers KPa. 9071848 metric tons t PSF PRESSURE AND STRESS pounds per square foot 47. The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in 2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units. The Psi to KPaConverter is used to convert psi (pound per square inch) to kPa (kilopascal). One ft-lb is equivalent to 1. It is measuring unit of pressure & stress in Imperial and US customary measuring system. The result is the quantity of compressed gas in cubic feet. Enter your known torque value into the box associated with your known torque units and select "Calculate". Learn how to convert pressure from kPa to psi. 09714 Avdp oz Apoth oz 0. 894757293168361. 1 pound (lb) = 0. 50 for naturally aspirated engines,. Convertisseur pour la conversion de bar vers psi (Pound Per Square Inch), psi vers bar, bar vers Pa (Pascal), Pa vers bar, psi vers Pa, Pa vers psi et Pa vers KPa. 25 lb but the pressure guage that came with the recharge kit reads in psi so could someone tell me what 1. Convert Inches of Mercury to Pounds per Square Inch Enter the number of inches of mercury to convert into pounds per square inch. Convert N/mm2 to psi (newton/square millimeter to pound-force/sqare inch). 625 square inches at 5000 psi (19. Pound Per Square Inch (abbreviations: psi, or lb/in2): is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units. 76 pascals (Pa). To make the conversion, you would have to use a lever. Another important measure of pressure is the atmosphere (atm), which the average pressure exerted by air at sea level. This is simple to use online converter of weights and measures. Looking for tyre pressure Data/Charts? If so Click here. Rocky Mountain Moggers is a loosely associated group of Unimog owners in the Rocky Mountain Region. The mass m in kilograms (kg) is equal to the mass m in pounds (lb) times 0. Length/Distance Convert Centimeter, Chain, Foot, Furlong, Inch, Kilometer, Meter, Mile, Point, Yard and. To convert pounds per square inch to kilopascals(PSI to KPA), multiply the PSI value by 6. To convert kilopascals to pounds per square inch(KPA to PSI), multiply the kpa value by. This calculator let you to convert the durometer value to pounds per square inch. The symbol of psi is "lbf/in2" and abbreviated as "psi". The psi [psi] to pound-force/square inch conversion table and conversion steps are also listed. A MPa (megapascal) is a unit of measurement for pressure. 1 MPa equals to 10 Bar. 036254 x PSI. You may have to register before you can post: click the. Another tool, by Joshua Madison, may be downloaded here (no length conversions; remember, pressure has the same units as stress). Engineering Calculators | Conversions & Constants. Our conversions provide a quick and easy way to convert between Pressure units. Then click the button below that. By knowing the conversion factor, converting between units can become a simple multiplication problem: S * C = E. The relationship of these measurements are: 1 mmHg = 1. 136 atmospheres. The value will be converted to all other units of the actual measure. Simply enter a value in the corresponding column and press or click the Convert button. ok is a bar has 125,000 psi and the bar is going to be 52" in length the my results was 6,500. Torque Conversion Calculators To convert torque values for other units, click on the unit you are starting with below and a popup window calculator will provide you a quick way to make the conversions:. Unit Conversions. Free online Pressure conversion. Examples are kip which stands for kilopounds (1000 pounds) and ksi which is a combination of k and psi resulting in thousands of psi. 02292120717 pounds per square inch. How to Convert a Load to PSI in a Tensile Test _ EHow - Free download as PDF File (. The pressure rating on this table do not mean design pressure (bar or psi). 0069 and that will give you the Mpa related to the class. The diameter of the pipe being used is 1" (standard garden hose). KPa to Psi Conversion Formula. How do you convert to PSI? To convert PSI to other pressure measurements, use the equations: Bar =. I want to recharge my air conditioner and I am racking my brain to find a conversion chart that coverts lbs to psi the factory fill of the air conditioner was 1. 184 joule (J). Psi : Psi is the abbreviation of pound per square inch, and is widely used in British and American. If you know the area over which the force is spread, then you can divide the force by the area and get. 20462262185 pounds (lbs). For all pressure unit conversions, please check pressure converter. Convert 2043 Pound Force Per Square Inch to Psi (2043 PSI lbf/in2 in psi). A typical medical concentrator may produce 5 LPM (volume) of oxygen at delivery pressure of 8-9 PSI. Stress And Pressure Converter. How to convert kPa to ksi and psi to kips/ft? Follow. A conversion chart is available at the bottom of the page. Mass must be multiplied with gravity g to be a force (weight). The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in 2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units. One ft-lb is equivalent to 1. Alternatively, convert between all units of measurement of pressure with a single click. 50 pascals (Pa). For example, to convert from bar to pounds per square inch you would multiply by 100000 then divide by 6894. To convert from psi to kPa, use the following conversion equation: 1 psi = 6. 0069 and that will give you the Mpa related to the class. How to use the Converter from Psi to mBar?. See Weight for detail of mass/weight distinction and conversion. CFM v/s PSI For Nozzles. 013250 bar 1 atm = 14. , but not elsewhere. Read more about it here. 9476 ×Ppsi To convert between kilopascals (kPa)and pounds per square inch (psi), use the formulas below: Ppsi = 0. Conversion Pound per square inch to Pound per square foot. For 3d just multiply by 6 12" cube pressurized to 1psi has 864 lb of force. Units converted include: N-m to Kgf-cm, Ft-lbs to N-m, in-lbs to ft-lbs, etc. Hi, I was wondering what the equations were for converting gallons per minute into pounds per square inch. 008571 Avdp lb Apoth dram 3. Pound/Square Inch : Pounds or pound force per square inch (symbol: psi, lb/in², pfsi or lbf/in²) is a unit of measure for pressure based on avoirdupois units. For example, “cf” means “cubic feet” and “psi” means “pounds per square inch”; but do not assume that I know this. Conversion Bar to Pound per square inch. Bar to Psi Tire Pressure Conversion Chart. Whilst every effort has been made in building this pressure converter, we are not to be held liable for any special, incidental, indirect or consequential damages or monetary losses of any kind arising out of or in connection with the use of the converter tools and information derived from the web site. 97 millibars (mb) = 6897 pascals (Pa) Energy. 020885434273039 pound/square foot. 4503773796 * 10 -4. and with 1 1/4" pipe and a pressure drop coefficient of 1. Find out why a kilopascal to pounds-per-inch conversion is useful, and what for. 1 pound (lb) = 0. It is measuring unit of pressure & stress in Imperial and US customary measuring system. The value will be converted to all other units of the actual measure. How to convert Kilograms to Pounds. A single pascal (Pa) is a unit of pressure equal to one newton per square meter. 2000 Newtons (N) = 449. To convert from kPa to psi, use the following conversion equation: 1 kPa = 0. 6000 Newtons (N) = 1,348 Pounds force (lb) 1 N = 0. Effectively to convert energy (Ft Lbs) to Bar, you would also need to know the mass or volume (at normal temperature and pressure) of air compressed. The ksi [ksi] to psi [psi] conversion table and conversion steps are also listed. Check out our Conversion Software for Windows. per hour) for each horsepower made. BAR is a measure of pressure. So, 1 pound per square foot times 1 / 144 is equal to 0. These is no elevation change and the pumping distance is negligible (under 2 ft). A Newton is defined as the force necessary to move one kilogram one meter per second. How to convert psi to pascal (Pa)? 1 Psi is equal to 6894. 3 psi = 20. Do you have trouble like me checking your tire pressures because the owners manual is in BAR but your tire gauge is in PSI? Hopefully, this handy conversion utility will help. , but not elsewhere. Flow rate conversion tool for volumetric flow units. Pressure Conversion Chart Convert equivalent pressure measurements across many different units of measure such as pascals to torr, or atmospheres to bar with this pressure conversion table Pressure is the continuous exertion of physical force by something in direct contact with it. Your figure should be: - 8. Pounds per square foot, or psf, and pounds per square inch, or psi, are measurements of pressure still used in the United States but largely abandoned elsewhere in the world. To convert concrete measuring units can be useful when building with concrete and where handling of concrete is required. Here is the formula : Value in pounds per square inch = value in lbf/ft2 × 0. Kg to Lbs converter. 59237g 1 lb= 0. 1 pound (lb) = 0. 4536 kilograms: 1 ounce: 28. This is simple to use online converter of weights and measures. PSI sells affordable, in stock, full tech support, plug and play standalone wiring harnesses for lsx and lt1 swaps. 7 psi kindly, do the rest for conversion. The decimals value is the number of digits to be calculated or rounded of the result of kilograms to pounds conversion. 1 MPa equals to 10 Bar. The pound per square inch is a US customary and imperial unit of pressure. Enter a number to convert Pound-force Per Square Inchs to Kilopascals. How much pressure does a column of water 46. metres of water). One psi is equal to 6895 N/m2 and 0. Conversion between pascal, bar, atmosphere, torr, kilogram-force/square centimeter, pound-force/square inch. Several conversions relating to torque. Also, explore tools to convert psi or pound-force/square inch to other pressure units or learn more about pressure conversions. the press has a broken pressure gauge and I need to replace it and calibrated. Looking to do an LS Swap? PSI is Your Source For LSX Conversion Parts. 0 PSI i can obtain 2,817,00 BTU. PSI(pounds per square inch) = Feet Head x. Find out why a kilopascal to pounds-per-inch conversion is useful, and what for. Online conversion from Pound Per Square Inch (psi) to Pound Per Square Foot , British And U. One psi is equal to 6895 N/m2 and 0. Pounds Per Square Foot Conversion Charts. Pound to Kilogram Converter Kilogram to Pound Converter. 145038 × PkPa PkPa = 6. About KPa to Psi Converter. Inch Ounces – in. Megapascal (MPa) To psi (Pound force per square inch) Conversion. From lb/gal to psi/ft 12in 3 /231 in 3 =0. The higher the PSI pressure (Pounds per Square Inch) you plan to blast at, also increases your compressor requirements. It is measuring unit of pressure & stress in Imperial and US customary measuring system. A single pascal (Pa) is a unit of pressure equal to one newton per square meter. Furthermore, you cannot convert a unit of PSI to pounds; this operation requires an operation that cancels the area dimension, meaning it has to be multiplied by an area. 1 psi = 6,894. In most cases, all you need to do to convert is to multiply the number of. L'unité de pression psi. 894757 x 10+3 To Convert From To Multiply By Bending Moment or Torque psi = Pounds Per Square Inch PVC = Polyvinyl Chloride. this is what the guy told me. To convert a measurement, enter it in the text box what units you are using. The corresponding US customary and imperial unit is the pound per square inch (Psi), which is common in meteorology. For 3d just multiply by 6 12" cube pressurized to 1psi has 864 lb of force. The kilonewton is equal to the amount of force needed to accelerate a one thousand kilograms mass at a rate of one meter per second squared. 33 pounds per gallon (lb/U. 4 psi = 27. Basic Units Derived Units Worked Examples Approximate Conversions to Memorize Getting the Feel of Conversions Online Conversion Calculator. Find the name of the compressed gas you want to convert. Divide this by 2000 lbs, or one ton, and you get 49 tons. Units, Conversion Tables, and Formulas Pressure FROM TO MULTiPLy By EXAMPLE MPa PSI 145. Please note this is weight to volume conversion, this conversion is valid only for pure water at temperature 4 °C. Summary; Convert Head to Pressure; Convert Pressure to Head; Table of Pressure Conversions for Water; Summary. To make the conversion, you would have to use a lever. Basic Units. Pounds per square inch can be abbreviated as psi, for example 1 pound per square inch can be written as 1 psi. 7 psi kindly, do the rest for conversion. 622622lb 1 tonne 1000kg 1lb=16oz. A similar unit to PLI is pounds per square inch (PSI). MATH MathTOOLS Toggle navigation. Our conversions provide a quick and easy way to convert between Pressure units. 14503773773020923. 84 psi 30 psi at the fuel rail - -8. It is widely used in British and American. Landscape Irrigation Formulas. Then multiply the amount of Kilogram you want to convert to Lb, Lbs, use the chart below to guide you. 45359237 kilograms (kg). It is the pressure resulting from a force of one pound-force applied to an area of one square inch. For all pressure unit conversions, please check pressure converter. Pounds value will be converted automatically as you type. 31, are the conversion numbers used to convert from one unit to the other. Best Answer: It should have been Newton per meter squared (Pascal): 1 bar = 1 x 10^-1 Pascal 1 atm = 1. Enter a number to convert Kilopascals to Pound-force Per Square Inchs. ** Maximum Injector Duty Cycle should be around 80% max for safe operation. Bar is another form of pressure measurement, commonly used in modern tools. Mass must be multiplied with gravity g to be a force (weight). Steam Required (lbs / hr) lbs / hr = Btu per hour Enthalpy of Steam at Operating Pressure lbs/hr = Btu/hr Btu/lb F s or Btu / lb oF F s = Horse Power to be Removed x 2545 x Correction Viscosity (Oil Leaving oF - Ambient Air Entering oF) F s = HP x 2545 x Cv T 2 - t a 8 Conversions and Formulas To Convert Into Multiply By. Convert 2000 Newtons to Pounds force. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: