Python Gitlab Api Get File

Making your own workflows in GitLab. This will install the gem for the tool you’ve chosen and create a file called Gemfile. An API, or Application Program Interface, makes it easy for developers to integrate one app with another. Follow these steps to install the script:. However, there are technical requirements to use it. You can connect to the GitLab API using your API key to perform actions inside GitLab when performing, for example, a commit. So I checked the CI and integrated it in Gitlab, but the build are failing every time I commit some code to it. 7 support; 2. See the [assignment spec](docs/lab0_spec. We enforce commit messages to be formatted using the conventional-changelog. The application is hosted on GitHub and is building on CircleCI. 2Pure Python Compare two arrays. More specifically, how we can create a new release of our software, update the corresponding files that reflects the version, and create a new docker image. Python-Redmine¶. 3 and requests 2. A Gitlab CI configuration file that defines a pipeline to install python dependencies and run the miner script. SAVVI Financial is looking for an experienced Python developer to be a core contributor to our rapidly growing personal financial planning and management platform at our Waltham, MA office. GitHub: What's the right Hosting Platform for your Workflow? [Edited and updated on October, 10, 2019] In truth, it's rare to find a developer that doesn't have some strong opinions when it comes to their tools. I also have a GitLab CI that run the same job and it does not throws any errors. yml file is a YAML file that you create on your project’s root. Here's our Python SDK for API v2, which helps you easily integrate Dropbox into your Python app. Create, read, update and delete repository files using this API. Verify that everything is running fine. It should not be localhost. I managed to find a suitable Python package for using the GitLab API, and if you look at the resulting code, it is pretty simple. In recent years REST (REpresentational State Transfer) has emerged as the standard architectural design for web services and web APIs. The python-gitlab documentation is also a great resource, given that this script makes use of it. If you need to retrieve more files, use the Git Trees API. python-gitlab is a Python package providing access to the GitLab server API. The webhook that enables the GitLab integration for this project will be removed. This Python package was written primarily by Martijn Visser and Huite Bootsma at Deltares. An API, or Application Program Interface, makes it easy for developers to integrate one app with another. Forrester cites "GitLab has a broad market reach, with over 80,000 active instances using the open source GitLab Community edition and over 500 enterprises paying for GitLab CI/CD. Let's add below code into /hello-api/hello. API seems very nice, I’ve only used it for the migration so far though. This repository contains python files to interact with the Cisco CSR1000V REST API. The applications can also be accessed from Python, through a module named otbApplication. python-gitlab is a Python package providing access to the GitLab server API. This rest tutorial is help to create project under the specific groups using api. Forrester cites “GitLab has a broad market reach, with over 80,000 active instances using the open source GitLab Community edition and over 500 enterprises paying for GitLab CI/CD. You can checkout the example source and check CI status. install pip install python-gitlab # 如果是安装到Python3使用可以使用如下命令 pip3 install python-gitlab. Copy the following code to the file body:. Switching to GitLab API v4; API examples; gitlab package; Release notes; ChangeLog; python-gitlab. Change license to Apache 2. The api is set to recieve a GET type request, and just builds a simple response, returning back a user name, team name, and the version of the API, along with a simple message. You can read more about the use of media types in the API here. The python-gitlab documentation is also a great resource, given that this script makes use of it. The GitLab PHP SDK by neilime allows developers to integrate the GitLab API into their PHP applications. Your first Lambda function on AWS with Python using the AWS CLI. However, the D-Bus code in Gajim uses some interfaces which were never meant to be part of the public API; these will stop working with dbus-python 0. This example will guide you how to run tests in your Python application and deploy it automatically as Heroku application. + """Get the API key from the environment or the '. Blast the site with everything you have locally and on GitLab. Post comment to commit. Dropbox for Python. We will achieve this by adding a GitLab CI file (. Help; Help Dockerfiles API List Dockerfile templates Get all Dockerfile templates. This manual describes how to install and configure MySQL Connector/Python, a self-contained Python driver for communicating with MySQL servers, and how to use it to develop database applications. I managed to find a suitable Python package for using the GitLab API, and if you look at the resulting code, it is pretty simple. 0-4) API client for Rating as a Service project - Python 2. pyapi-gitlab is a wrapper to access all the functions of Gitlab from our python scripts. More specifically, how we can create a new release of our software, update the corresponding files that reflects the version, and create a new docker image. After calling this, we have the file data in a Python variable of type string. See the NEWS file for each release. An API, or Application Program Interface, makes it easy for developers to integrate one app with another. py, which means the script uses CGI, or a Python module path, with package names separated by dots, which means the script uses WSGI. You will learn to work with large files using LFS and manage permissions with GitLab EE. This API has an upper limit of 1,000 files for a directory. Still migrating my old mantis/tiki/gitweb forge to Gitlab. GitLab CI/CD is a part of GitLab and provides a Continuous Integration system to run automated tests. The Apache Hadoop software library is a framework that allows for the distributed processing of large data sets across clusters of computers using simple programming models. The markup used for the Python documentation is reStructuredText, developed by the docutils project, amended by custom directives and using a toolset named Sphinx to post-process the HTML output. Keep reading to learn more about the general patterns that are used in these APIs. Click + and choose New file. The Azure DevOps pricing page makes it easy to determine how little it will cost for your team to get the DevOps tooling loved by developers and trusted by enterprises! Any language, any platform, any cloud!. Alternatively, you can download the script and run it (python win_add2path. Each post is written under the assumption that the reader has read and understood all previous posts in the series. Gitlab via the API: prepare a repo with automatic deploy keys and protected branches/tags db Posted on 2019-03-11 Posted in all — 2 Comments ↓ You have a whole mess of gitlab repo. See the NEWS file for each release. GITLAB Container Registry; In order to get started with the gitlab CI/CD capabilities, we need to start by writing our. yml file: The test stage builds the container stack in the test environment, runs the unit tests with flake8, copies the html coverage report and catches the total coverage. You can take our Python programming course to get started with the language. In my example i've decided to create a simple Python/Flask application which renders a single page: backend/requirements. The real info, though, is located in the libcurl documentation , most important being curl_easy_setopt. The library is composed of two flavors: the first one maps all the APIs in order to get a unified and simple way to call them, and the second more advanced (and still being improved) maps objects to Python classes in order to ease manipulation. GET /projects/:id/jobs Download a single artifact file by job ID Introduced in GitLab 10. If you have created a new project, you can do this easily by cloning the repository like we just did. The primary change in this release is support for Python 3. Add a Shopping Cart to your website, mobile or desktop app in minutes. py - Tell HELO to cease streaming. Documentation and source samples for REST API used to control AJA embedded products with network control interface. python-gitlab. Please email to [email protected] It supports the v4 API of GitLab, and provides a CLI tool (gitlab). The toughest parts were mostly the micropython and alexa bits. To get started, read the reference documentation: Jira Server platform REST API. 作为一个强大靠谱的服务,gitlab提供了API的帮助文档,上面有注明所有API的使用简单示例。. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Bot Users, and bot tokens, can be used with a slightly restricted set of Web API methods. yml file which is used to manage our project. yml file, trying to build my python code:. Below are examples to get you started using the library. 0 GitLab API v3 Ruby 2. ) from Python scripts. We'll be needing those. Blast the site with everything you have locally and on GitLab. The GitLab API allows for two types of OAuth2 flows: Web Application Flow , which works much like the GitHub OAuth flow described above. Inline Side-by-side. Learn how to deal with clusters of Docker containers in AWS with GitLab by creating a load balancer, configuring pipelines in GitLab, and testing the cluster. The responses are piped into python -mjson. Most of the extension UI lives in the Team Explorer pane, which is available from the View menu. If you are running Debian, install debian-archive-keyring so that official Debian repositories will be verified (Ubuntu users can skip this). Verify that everything is running fine. Online Parsing GFM using the online method requires using the GitLab API as the parser. yml file looks like for this project:. GitHub: What’s the right Hosting Platform for your Workflow? [Edited and updated on October, 10, 2019] In truth, it’s rare to find a developer that doesn’t have some strong opinions when it comes to their tools. I could recommend python-gitlab, which works flawessly with Gitlab API V3. py Python expects to find a spam. JSONDecodeError(). The only option I think is viable in this instance is to move the Gitlab ticket validation code from the calling pre-receive bash script to the python script while the pre-receive script will only be a wrapper for invoking the python script. I recently started using pytest and it is an incredible test framework for python! After reading Brian Okken's book titled "Python Testing with pytest", I was convinced that I wanted to start using pytest instead of the built-in unittest module that comes with python. This file will create the required. This involved lots of changes both to Python API generation and to Doxygen doc generation. Attribute Type Required Description key string yes The key of the Dockerfile template. The Gitlab CI/CD pipeline will require access credentials to communicate with the Sysdig Secure backend, to achieve this copy the API access token from the Sysdig UI Setting -> User profile. Versions: GitLab 6. yml file content. For this example, we have a python/django application and Docker as. GitLab Introduces GitLab Serverless GitLab has announced a new platform Gitlab Serverless, that is intended to enable enterprises to deploy serverless functions and applications on any cloud or infrastructure directly from the GitLab UI. You can also save this page to your account. This will get you up and running with Sysdig Secure Image scanning in minutes. It may also require setting gitlab_mode to gfm (default) to get things like tasklists to render properly. With it, you can manage your Github resources (repositories, user profiles, organizations, etc. If you have created a new project, you can do this easily by cloning the repository like we just did. I will write about methods to correctly download binaries from URLs and set their filenames. You will be taken to an authorization page in GitLab. Click Authorize. Galaxy S4 is amazing right out of the box, but if you want to get the most of out your S4 or S4 Mini, start here. If you're looking for the means to manage your GitLab commits and issues on your Android device, Jack Wallen walks you through the steps to connect the LabCoat app. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. In our case, we had an application written in python and supports…. python-gitlab stable Installation; gitlab CLI usage; Getting started with the API; FAQ; Switching to GitLab API v4; API examples API examples ¶ Access requests. In recent years REST (REpresentational State Transfer) has emerged as the standard architectural design for web services and web APIs. You may also be interested in the very nice tutorial on how to create a customized documentation using Sphinx written by the matplotlib developers. This Python package was written primarily by Martijn Visser and Huite Bootsma at Deltares. Documentation for GitLab Community Edition, GitLab Enterprise Edition, Omnibus GitLab, and GitLab Runner. It then does the requests. I have tried refreshing my API token; no change. I decided to try gitlab's caching and split the job into multiple steps for better feedback in UI. The python-gitlab documentation is also a great resource, given that this script makes use of it. Click + and choose New file. tar been uploaded on the gitlab server ? It is unclear as the “add” and the. You can read more about the use of media types in the API here. This API is a work in progress, so feel free to test, ask us questions, and submit Pull Requests! If you are an end-user and not a dev or a tester, create a New Feature Request to request new APIs - and consider making a donation to the project. However, there are technical requirements to use it. Register your runner with gitlab. Files for python-gitlab, version 1. More specifically, how we can create a new release of our software, update the corresponding files that reflects the version, and create a new docker image. Create, read, update and delete repository files using this API. If you are running both lazylibrarian and calibre in separate dockers you may hit file permission problems unless one of the dockers has elevated privileges. REST is indeed a relevant technology, has been and will be for years to come (GraphQL has potential but needs to mature still). It covers the full API, and all methods are tested against the real Github site. sudo apt-get update. When your team grows, you want to add more users to your system. Install and Configure GitLab Runner. If you use OTB through standalone packages, you should use the supplied environment script otbenv to properly setup variables such as PYTHONPATH and OTB_APPLICATION_PATH (on Unix systems, don't forget to source the script). Blogging to Nowhere cat /dev/brain > /dev/null. gitlab-exporter is based on argparse and uses python-gitlab under the hood. yml file in your remote repository and run your scripts with the GitLab Runner tool. ” Among limitations Forrester quotes “Despite best-in-class extensibility, reference customers cited limitations in notifications and alerts, calling out. yaml file for use with ofc-bootstrap. This project can help to automate debugging and crash dump analysis using Python. ConnectionError: ('Connection aborted. I also have a GitLab CI that run the same job and it does not throws any errors. Q&A for Work. I want to add files that I've edited in Emacs to the Gnome Recent files list, and I also want to be able to edit the full list from within Emacs. To get a repository's contents recursively, you can recursively get the tree. It's a non-docker based installation approch to Python on Windows. 3 and requests 2. In our earlier articles, we covered the installation of GitLab CE on Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, and Fedora Linux distributions. We will use the Gitlab REST API (documentation available here) to interact with our ticketing system repository, along with the Python requests library. If this extension is already installed, you'll be prompted to press OK to confirm whether to overwrite the current version by the new one, or press Cancel to stop the installation. and managing them. The Python language has a substantial body of documentation, much of it contributed by various authors. python-gitlab does not have any download files registered with Launchpad. PycURL includes extesive API documentation as well as a number of test and example scripts in the tests and examples directories of the distribution. It organizes the episodes it finds that are airing of the specific shows searched and orders them based on air date. Get a single commit. It is 2018 and this page still pops up in the first page of Google. Compatible with any CMS, framework, platform and site or app builders. Get a 15-day free trial here. Edit your init. It is used for permalinks such as src/osd/ClassHandler. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Each post is written under the assumption that the reader has read and understood all previous posts in the series. And the best part? It connects with GitLab and GitHub. sh is as follows: #Environment file # # gitlab-mirrors settings # #The user git-mirrors will run …. The api is set to recieve a GET type request, and just builds a simple response, returning back a user name, team name, and the version of the API, along with a simple message. The applications can also be accessed from Python, through a module named otbApplication. We get a response object using the urllib2. If you feel I've left something out please mention it in a comment. FYI I've been working on some important changes in the python-gitlab API for v4 support. Versions: GitLab 6. If you use OTB through standalone packages, you should use the supplied environment script otbenv to properly setup variables such as PYTHONPATH and OTB_APPLICATION_PATH (on Unix systems, don’t forget to source the script). The thing is that GitLab CI test jobs fail when the last command given non-zero exit code. It then does the requests. It is a web-based IDE for full-stack web development. For many projects, this will just be a link to GitHub, GitLab, Bitbucket, or similar code hosting service. 7 and Python 3. You may also be interested in the very nice tutorial on how to create a customized documentation using Sphinx written by the matplotlib developers. Here we can set and modify people’s permissions according to their role. In today's article, we will see how you can secure GitLab Server with SSL Certificate. Python语言操作gitlab API 小标 2018-09-13 来源 : 阅读 952 评论 0 摘要:本文主要向大家介绍了Python语言操作gitlab API,通过具体的内容向大家展示,希望对大家学习Python语言有所帮助。. If you use OTB through standalone packages, you should use the supplied environment script otbenv to properly setup variables such as PYTHONPATH and OTB_APPLICATION_PATH (on Unix systems, don't forget to source the script). Just for reference I had a similar issue - running a python script from the docker container failed with "No such file or directory", my solution was to force Unix style line endings on the checkout of the code and in the IDE (as it was bind-mounted from the Windows host to the container). Just a bumped version, now that its tested and fully supports Gitlab versions up to 7. Change license to Apache 2. The code of the App was hosted in GitLab. A ticketing system in Python. I also have a GitLab CI that run the same job and it does not throws any errors. PycURL includes extesive API documentation as well as a number of test and example scripts in the tests and examples directories of the distribution. CRUD for repository files. Copy the following code to the file body:. Patrick's Software Blog Learning Python Web Application Development with Flask with was receiving a file via the API, so I wanted to document how I designed. I could recommend python-gitlab, which works flawessly with Gitlab API V3. This file is the configuration for our CI/CD pipeline. All of the file contents is received using the response. Python TV API Parsing. There is an example of how the dot notation should be used in the Python docs. py file into /hello-api folder. This page contains examples of using the Confluence Content REST API using curl. Dataloader - loads the data from raw files and transforms them into a form that is directly consumable by the Model; List of main commands. com is completely free. We just add one new project into that project using API. Once you've successfully added the Rollbar app, GitLab will provide an Application ID and Secret. This function takes pagination parameters page and per_page to restrict the list of users. Start here if you’re new to Django or Web application development. For furhter details, the API section contains a description of all of Smuthi's modules, classes and functions. sudo apt-get update. Using Django, I’d like to sync the files in the database with git repositories on my GitLab instance via python-gitlab. How To Consume HTTP GET Request. yml file content. Publicly available plugins for JetBrains TeamCity. That's generally what you'll get back from the REST APIs although there are a few exceptions, like Git blobs. Python API¶. Chat with ease. API and TFS version. One of its applications is to download a file from web using the file URL. # (the python:2. 0-1) Extended pickling support for Python 2 objects python-cluster (1. I get exactly what I need when inside my branch of a project. The meat of the python code is a file called show_schedule. Edit and run these scripts to get a quick start. The following python command fails:. The new API is mostly compatible with the "old" one, but I had to break a few things (hopefully to get a smarter and more maintainable software). This guide uses a sample Django application to describe configuration best practices for Python applications building on CircleCI. In order to use the Opsgenie Python SDK, you will need the API key from the API Integration you created. My code: import gitlab import base64 import os from. Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is a fully managed message queuing service that enables you to decouple and scale microservices, distributed systems, and serverless applications. This is what the. Get into the virtual environment. Today we will build a Restful API using Python Flask, SQLAlchemy using Postgres as our Database, testing using Python Unittest, a CI/CD Pipeline on Gitlab, and Deployment to Heroku. February 8, 2019 Jared. python-gitlab. If you feel I've left something out please mention it in a comment. org Gitlab instance. py which is a set of functions that enables searching the TvMaze API for specific shows and figure out when they are airing. Attribute Type Required Description key string yes The key of the Dockerfile template. Here we can set and modify people’s permissions according to their role. Test and Deploy a python application with GitLab CI/CD This example will guide you how to run tests in your Python application and deploy it automatically as Heroku application. In my example i've decided to create a simple Python/Flask application which renders a single page: backend/requirements. yml which is the file used by GitLab Runner to manage project’s jobs. You'll get an Application Id and a Secret in return; we'll call them GITLAB_APPLICATION_ID and GITLAB_SECRET. API: * class DecisionTreeModel ** predict() for single examples and RDDs, taking both feature vectors and LabeledPoints ** numNodes() ** depth() ** __str__() * class DecisionTree ** trainClassifier() ** trainRegressor() ** train() Examples and testing: * Added example testing classification and. read() method call. If you are getting any error, check the url of gitlab. This API has an upper limit of 1,000 files for a directory. 94 + 95 + Raises: 96 + APIKeyFetchError: When unable to get the API key from either the : 97 + environment or the ecmwfapirc file. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Manoj’s. Bitbucket restricts you to work with only 5 people for free, GitLab. GitLab to Jira issue sync. Get/list sources - kipoi. Module to provide functions to create customized plots. This Python package was written primarily by Martijn Visser and Huite Bootsma at Deltares. Enter that url. I've read that I can put bash parentheses in quotes when submitting the command from python. pip install python-gitlab # 如果是安装到Python3使用可以使用如下命令 pip3 install python-gitlab 配置 为了保护API 用到的 private_token,一般会将其写到系统的配置文件中去. How did we create those sheets? We wrote a script, which used GitLab API to extract information from […]. And today I found the time to do it. [SPARK-2478] [mllib] DecisionTree Python API Added experimental Python API for Decision Trees. After installation I created a config file: ~/. When provided with username, project will be created for this user. Step 2 − Go to Issues tab and click on the New issue button to create a new issue as shown below −. Introduction to GitLab and Git Repositories GitLab is an open-source, web-based Git repositories manager with wiki and issue tracking features that can be run on a self-hosted VPS. You can do this by making a request to the get reference API endpoint, substituting in heads/[branchname] for :ref in the API documentation. The gitlab-mirrors scripts are installed to setup a a read-only Ceph mirror, updated hourly. We'll be needing those. This Python package was written primarily by Martijn Visser and Huite Bootsma at Deltares. Copy the following code to the file body:. This manual describes how to install and configure MySQL Connector/Python, a self-contained Python driver for communicating with MySQL servers, and how to use it to develop database applications. Enter that url. When not provided, project will belong to user which is configured in 'login_user' or 'login_token'. The library is composed of two flavors: the first one maps all the APIs in order to get a unified and simple way to call them, and the second more advanced (and still being improved) maps objects to Python classes in order to ease manipulation. ConnectionError: ('Connection aborted. CRUD for repository files. The Gitlab CI/CD pipeline will require access credentials to communicate with the Sysdig Secure backend, to achieve this copy the API access token from the Sysdig UI Setting -> User profile. Test and Deploy a python application with GitLab CI/CD This example will guide you how to run tests in your Python application and deploy it automatically as Heroku application. The name Windows API collectively refers to several different platform implementations that are often referred to by their own names (for example, Win32 API); see the versions section. The Gitlab CI/CD pipeline will require access credentials to communicate with the Sysdig Secure backend, to achieve this copy the API access token from the Sysdig UI Setting -> User profile. Once the computation is done, you should have the directory OUTBOX containing ASCII output files, and a DISPLAY directory with output file readable by paraview. After having had a look at a few of those libraries, I decided to keep this code as I felt that it was reasonably easy to understand and that it does what it is supposed to do. 0, JSONP support is optional and disabled by default, you can enable it by checking Enable JSONP support in Administration -> Settings -> API. yml file, the example given here will be updated as long as I add new things inside. Manoj has 4 jobs listed on their profile. gitlab-exporter. Python TV API Parsing. In the examples section you can find a number of example scripts that illustrate the use of Smuthi. This repository contains python files to interact with the Cisco CSR1000V REST API. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Job Title Backend Python/SQL Engineer Job Description. add, delete, update) so that an admin may regularly update all mirrors using crontab. MySQL Connector/Python 8. GitLab CI is an open source Continuous Integration service included with GitLab Only project maintainers & Admin can access the Settings Step 1: Add. Relocating a python virtual environment. Online Parsing GFM using the online method requires using the GitLab API as the parser. Python API¶. If you feel I've left something out please mention it in a comment. They expose some of a program's inner workings in a limited way. Using Django, I’d like to sync the files in the database with git repositories on my GitLab instance via python-gitlab. In the case of my. 2debian # Linux builds for wxPython are currently not # on pypi, but are available at this url. To see a sample project — go to chapter 12. This leads to more readable messages that are easy to follow when looking. There are three basic building blocks in kipoi: Source - provides Models and DataLoaders. GITLAB Container Registry; In order to get started with the gitlab CI/CD capabilities, we need to start by writing our. h with two changes: 1. Enter these along with the URL for your GitLab Server, then continue with the setup process described below. Gitlab is brilliant, the official gitlab runner is pretty robust and supports all the best new features of gitlab. I cloned the project flask_log_request_id and try to run CICD over it. Patrick's Software Blog Learning Python Web Application Development with Flask with was receiving a file via the API, so I wanted to document how I designed. 3 deprecated Kubernetes integration feature, see: GitLab + Kubernetes: Perfect Match for Continuous Delivery with Container. Chapter 10 explains how to use changelogs and templates. GitLab Introduces GitLab Serverless GitLab has announced a new platform Gitlab Serverless, that is intended to enable enterprises to deploy serverless functions and applications on any cloud or infrastructure directly from the GitLab UI. If you don't want to watch a GitLab project anymore, you can stop watching this project via the project settings. Nice to see some powershell scripts for gitlab! Here is a script I wrote to quickly clone all projects and setup git to track remote branches. 6 images are # based on this). They are the standard method to expose databases to clients and knowing how to develop a REST API is a necessity at all. This leads to more readable messages that are easy to follow when looking. Free testing program. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. install pip install python-gitlab # 如果是安装到Python3使用可以使用如下命令 pip3 install python-gitlab. not setting allowed_groups, see below), you can select read_user instead of api as the Scope, thus giving a more restricted access to your GitLab API. This API is a work in progress, so feel free to test, ask us questions, and submit Pull Requests! If you are an end-user and not a dev or a tester, create a New Feature Request to request new APIs - and consider making a donation to the project. 0 GitLab API v3 Ruby 2. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: